Leslie Haddon


Department of Media and Communications

London School of Economics

Social Exclusion and Information and Communication Technologies: Lessons from Studies of Single Parents and the Young Elderly

Current notions of social exclusion are to an extent anchored in older concerns with relative poverty, which had the merit of considering not just material deprivation but also the social and cultural dimensions of participation or exclusion. The focus of this article is on the role of ICTs in relation to people’s ability to participate in society. It draws upon detailed qualitative research on single parent and young elderly households to explore what counts as experiences of inclusion or exclusion and the processes behind them.

Dealing mainly, but not exclusively, with the more traditional ICTs of telephony and broadcasting, the article considers processes of self-exclusion as people have mixed evaluations of these technologies derived both from current circumstances and past experiences. It then looks beyond the acquisition of ICTs to show how other modes of access to these resources are important before reflecting upon the quality of experience of ICTs, not just in terms of the functionality on offer but also taking into account that technologies are themselves symbolic goods. Finally, and drawing on more recent research, the article asks what lessons might be learnt from these traditional ICTs when considering newly emerging ones like the Internet.

Grum-Grzhimailo Yuriy Vladimirovich

Candidate of Science, Economics

Head of the Financing and Spatial Organization of Science Sector

Russian Institute for Economy, Policy and Legislation in the field of Science and Technology

The Economy of an Information Society: Illusions and Realities. Part 1

The first part of the article examines the general aspects of creating an information society economy. Special attention is devoted to the problem of formation of various economic illusions that impede the creation of a stable economic basis for an information society, as well as the problem of a “shadow economy.” In the form of theses it defines the concept of an information society as a complex socioeconomic system that arises in response to the threat of information overload, and forms a specific material basis for turning information into a strategic resource of the economy. It shows that communications, information technology and mass communications can be viewed as a field of certain types of economic activities central to the creation of an information society economy.

Leopoldina Fortunati

Professor at the Faculty of Education

Department of Economics, Society and Territory

University of Udine (Italy)

From ICT User to Broadband e-Actor

The article analyses the evolution of user categories and ways in which users interact with technical systems. It is currently likely that the divergence between how technical devices are perceived and used will grow. A broadening of the technological opportunities available to the information community has led to a substantial complication of a user’s role.

When examining such phenomenon as diffusion of innovation, one must keep in mind that the most important factor affecting the speed with which users accept the new technology is the fact that users often adopt new technology to their own wishes and needs, thus changing its function and method of use.

The evolution of relations between people and technical systems may be seen as a change in how users interact with various actors, such as operators, manufacturers, government bodies and so on. This process has such a powerful effect on the nature of these subordinate relations that it bespeaks of the mutual development of society and technology.

Treyer Valfrid Valfridovich

Doctor of Engineering, Professor

General Director of the Center of Economic Classifications, Inc.

Deputy Chairman of the Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s Committee for Product Quality

Does the Russian Economy Need a Single Information Space?

It has been maintained that the current absence of a single information space in the Russian economy is resulting in the substantial loss of all types of resources available in the country. Moreover, the existing situation is a serious obstacle to the Russian economy’s near-term transition to an innovative development path.

The article outlines the ways for developing a state strategy for promptly ensuring that the national economy is provided with a single information space and offers specific practical steps for technically providing the effective management of organizations and economic process in current circumstances.

Dondurey, Daniil Borisovich

Editor-in-Chief of the Cinema Art Magazine

Member of the Russian Television Academy

Member of the Presidential Council on Culture and the Arts

Living in a Digital World

Daniil Dondurey, sociologist of culture, talks to Aleksandr Privalov, Science Editor of the Expert magazine. They discuss the fact that the entire world, including Russia, is gradually switching to digital television. At the same time, technological progress is opening ever-new options for transmitting video, including through the Internet and mobile phones. What will our digital future look like? Will the traditional federal channels be able to keep their influence over society in these new conditions? The interview is reprinted from the Expert magazine.

Jane Vincent

Research Fellow
Digital World Research Centre
University of Surrey
United Kingdom

The Transfer of Emotions through Mobile Phones

This work cites numerous recent studies of public practice of using mobile phones in the UK, in particular, the emotional attachment to mobile phones and their effect on the user’s identity. The emotional assessment concerned the vocabulary and ways the respondents used to express ideas about using mobile phones. The transfer of common feelings – for example, disappointment, worry, happiness, embarrassment and so on – acquires its usual characteristics, since these feelings are transmitted using a mobile phone. But emotions that are experienced, transmitted or created during a conversation conducted using electronic devices are called “electronic emotions,” and the consequence of their transfer is the focus of this work.

© Информационное общество, 2010, вып. 2, с. 62-63.