Lawrence Lessig

Professor of Law at Harvard Law School
Director of the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics
Harvard University
Charitable Traditions are Not American,
They are Inherent in the Whole World

In the late 1990’s, culture found itself in a trap: new technologies were stimulating creativity and the exchange of its products, but traditional laws were hindering the development of new practices emerging in the Internet and social networks. This contradiction encouraged E. Eldred and L. Lessig to create a foundation to observe the balance in the field of copyright – this is how the organisation Creative Commons was created and Creative Commons licences began to be developed. The consent and wishes of an author are important for free licencing – this is what freedom is and this is how a free culture develops. There are many Creative Commons partner organisations operating in the world and the use of its licences is expanding. Different countries, different layers of society and various creative associations are able to work together constructively as part of a whole international community.

Keywords: information technologies, copyright, infrastructure of a free culture, Creative Commons organisation, partner organisations, Creative Commons licences, charitable culture, free culture.

Ershova Tatiana Viktorovna
General Director
Institute of the Information Society
Shaposhnik Sergei Borisovich
Head of Directorate of Monitoring the Information Society Development
Institute of the Information Society
Individuals and Households Survey as an Instrument of Information Society Monitoring

The article presents a methodology and some results of the field research of ICT use by Moscow population and households undertaken by the Institute of the Information Society in 2004-2005. Importance of an approach to such kind of monitoring research as an instrument of comprehensive information society monitoring based on the e-readiness conceptual framework is substantiated.

Keywords: information society, ICT use for development, factors of information society development, individuals and households survey, information society monitoring, Moscow

Loginov Evgeniy Leonidovich
Doctor of Economic Sciences
Vice President of the National Institute of Energy Security
Laureate of the Russian Federation Prize for Science and Technology

New Information Technologies for Monitoring in the field of Government and Corporate Management

The issue of monitoring government and corporate management in economic, political, social and other areas of society is currently very topical. The article examines approaches to, risks of and opportunities for this issue. The significance and difficulty of such monitoring are increasing in the conditions of unsustainable development in the context of the global crisis. The paper gives a brief summary and analysis of international approaches to monitoring and managing government agencies and corporate structures, as well as possible Russian equivalents of these approaches.

Keywords: information technologies, government, corporate structures, monitoring, management, information, situational awareness, dynamics of information reports, management decisions.

Kanevskiy Maxim Alexandrovich
Scientific associate of Saint-Petersburg State University of Technology and Design
Manager of the project “Mobile Government Center of Competence ”
Author of the book “Mobile watch. Conceiving the Policy”
Design of Intellectual Systems for Online Interaction of Government, Citizens & Business Based on Collective Experience & Knowledge Exchange Techniques

Nowadays two basic models for interaction of government, citizens and business are used in the Russian segment of the Internet: addresses to the official web sites of respective organizations or civil servants blogs, and e-services delivery through specialized portals. There are also some programs that are running separately to monitor internet media, blogs and other projects. At the same time, the opinions of citizens, the major part of which spend their time in social networks, are not being taken into account.
The aim of this article is to describe possible options of integration of above forms of online interaction of government and society in a single intellectual network.

Keywords: intellectual systems, decision support system, social networks, expert networks, Internet, mobile communications, informatization, e-government, wiki-knowledge.

Evtyushkin Aleхander Vasilyevich
Head of Directorate of Prospective Projects
Institute of the Information Society

Missing Elements of the Architecture for the Provision of Electronic Government Services

The article examines the architecture of presenting government services in electronic form. An individual’s right to receive government services is currently based on a significant number of various regulatory acts and is insufficiently systematized. The target architecture for the provision of government services does not contain a unified register of constitutive norms containing organized and systematized information for such norms. There is also no register of constitutive events containing information forming the basis for the creation, amendment and withdrawal of individuals’ rights by providing them with appropriate government services. It is proposed the target architecture for presenting government services be supplemented with relevant information systems: a register of constitutive events and a register of constitutive norms. A possible hierarchy is proposed for these systems in accordance with levels of state and municipal administration.

Keywords: government services, regulatory acts, basis for the creation of rights, law establishing events, law establishing norms, registers, information systems.

Shchur Lev Nikolaevich
Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Professor of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Head of the Computational Physics Department of the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)
Head of the Department for Applied Network Research of the Scientific Centre of the RAS in Chernogolovka

Menshutin Anton Yuryevich
Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Junior Research Fellow of the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the RAS

Shikota Svetlana Kalikstovna
Programmer of the Department for Applied Network Research of the Scientific Centre of the RAS in Chernogolovka

Infocommunication Support of a Research Center: Goals and Infrastructure

The article covers the issue of providing teams at research centers with modern information, computing and telecommunication devices. The main objectives are highlighted that are needed to resolve this issue, both technical and organizational. The article briefly discusses the software and hardware infrastructure required to resolve the issue.

Keywords: information development, research center, scientific and educational center, infocommunication technologies, distributed collaboration systems, software and hardware infrastructure.

Pogorskiy Eduard Konstantinovich
Postgraduate student of the Department of Philosophy, Cultural Studies and Political Science
Moscow Humanitarian University
Certain Problems of the Transition to an Information Society: Crisis in Human Consciousness

The article covers the problems of human development in an information society. The author examines the transition to an information society, which is reflected in a crisis in human consciousness and draws attention to the role of cultural, youth and educational policy as important elements of Russia’s transition to an innovative development.

Keywords: information society, human potential, globalization, system of values, innovative development.

© Информационное общество, 2011 вып. 4, с. 72-73 .